Starting a New Site
To get started we will need to create a project folder for Middleman to work
out of. You can do this using an existing folder or have Middleman create one
for you using the
middleman init command.
$ middleman init
builds a Middleman skeleton project in your current folder.
$ middleman init my_new_project
creates a subfolder mynewproject with the Middleman skeleton project.
Every new project creates a basic web development skeleton for you. This automates the construction of a standard hierarchy of folders and files that you can use in all of your projects.
A brand-new project will contain a
source folder and a
config.rb file. The
source folder is where you will build your website. The skeleton project
match your own personal preferences.
config.rb file contains settings for Middleman and commented
documentation on how to enable complex features such as compile-time
compression and "blog mode".
Middleman will respect a Bundler
Gemfile for specifying and controlling your
gem dependencies. When creating a new project, Middleman will generate a
Gemfile for you which specifies the same version of Middleman you are using.
This will lock Middleman to this specific release series (the 4.0.x series, for
example). You can also use your
Gemfile to use cutting-edge versions of
Middleman from GitHub using the
:git option. All plugins and extra libraries
you use in your project should be listed in your Gemfile, and Middleman will
require all of them when it starts.
config.ru file describes how the site should be loaded by a Rack-enabled
webserver. This file is provided as a convenience for users wishing to host
their Middleman site in development mode on a Rack-based host such as Heroku.
Remember that Middleman is built to generate static sites, though.
To include a boilerplate
config.ru file in your project, add the
flag to the init command:
$ middleman init my_new_project --rack
If you've already initialized a project and just want the config.ru for linking with pow or other development server its contents are simply:
require 'middleman/rack' run Middleman.server